For both sprinkler and surface irrigation, off-site soil loss is often least where combinations of control practices are employed. In surface irrigation, as water flows across a soil's surface or advances down a furrow, it quickly wets relatively dry aggregates or clods in its path. Water must flow across the soil during surface irrigation. Surface Irrigation is a kind of irrigation where gravity works its best. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. These tools can be equally, if not more effectively, utilized in assessment and monitoring of watershed-related development studies. A level site is required for surface irrigation, in which the water is conveyed directly over the field in open ditches at a slow, nonerosive velocity. The stupendous progress in information technology coupled with the rapid advancements made in Geographical Information Systems, simulation tools, sensors, precession farming, and remote sensing has opened up new arena for water resources development and management. Thus, without proper precautions and management, soil loss will occur from many surface-irrigated areas. Water salination and contamination of ground and surface water by pesticides, nitrates, selenium, etc. To improve the design of furrow and border irrigation systems (as well as contour irrigation for its similar application form), physically based simulation models have been developed in the last 30 years. Model selection and use are based on sustainability, data availability, and prediction precision for the advance and recession phases of the irrigation, which determine the water volume or depth to be applied at each point. Surface irrigation is the oldest form of irrigation and has been in use for thousands of years. Effective sprinkler erosion-control techniques already exist and more are on the horizon. The soil infiltration characteristic can vary both across the field and also from one irrigation event to the next (Walker, 1989; McClymont and Smith, 1996; Emilio et al., 1997; Gillies, 2008). The drawback of this irrigation system is wastage of water and its inefficient utilization. The main types of irrigation are briefly explained in this article. As a consequence of the small matric potential in the dry soil, water will quickly enter the aggregate from all directions, causing 2:1 clay domains to swell, displacing O2 and N2 from particle surfaces, and often compressing those gases and air within the aggregate. Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients, allowing water to drip slowly to plant roots, from the ground or below the surface.. Surface Irrigation is a kind of irrigation where gravity works its best. In furrow-irrigated areas where labor is available and relatively inexpensive, changing management practices to reduce runoff by shortening furrow lengths, reorienting furrows to reduce furrow slopes, and/or managing inflows will help reduce on-field erosion and off-site soil loss. Where water is scarce, pipelines may be used, eliminating losses caused by seepage and…, …rely on simple flooding, or surface irrigation, as the principle means of irrigation. The three main methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkler and micro. Surface irrigation is a simple system for watering your crops. Controlling erosion on and soil loss from irrigated lands is critical to sustain agricultural production. Also, as much of the slaked and easily eroded soil is flushed from the furrow early in the irrigation, the sediment concentration in the furrow stream often decreases. Future off-site soil loss wherever sprinkler irrigation wherever sprinkler irrigation is the oldest, and irrigation. 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