Wilson, Don E. and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Nostrils are usually S-shaped, with a sharp sense of smell. . Weight averages 17.6 lb (8 kg), head and body length is 17.9–28.9 in (45.5–73.5 cm), and the tail length is 2.4–5.1 in (6.0–13.0 cm). Tail is brown and scaly, with hollow brush-like quills at the end; it is easily broken off and many adults, especially females, are found without tails. English: Indian porcupine, long-tailed porcupine. They often use abandoned deep burrows of other animals; caves, rock crevices, decaying logs, hollow trees, and holes dug by other animals; or deep burrows that they have excavated themselves. They weigh about 12 oz (340 g) at birth and nurse for about three to four months, able to feed almost immediately. Forests and cultivated areas, from sea level to 3,900 ft (1,200 m). Have you seen one with a “Holier-Than-Thou” attitude? May remain in dens through winter but does not hibernate. When the quills enter the skin of a predator, they work their way further into the skin at a rate of 1 mm an hour. Despite its name, only found in sub-Saharan Africa, excluding the coastal desert of the southwest: basically the southern half of Africa up to 11,480 ft (3,500 m). Listed by the IUCN as Lower Risk/Near Threatened. Throughout southeast and central Asia and in parts of the Middle East, including such countries as India, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Iran. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Cats are the most carnivorous of all meat-eating…, Cats Nowak, Ronald M. Walker's Mammals of the World. The Malayan porcupine ranges from Nepal through north-east India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Nagaland), to Bangladesh, central and southern China (Xizang, Hainan, Yunnan, Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Hunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Fujian, Jianxi, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Gansu), throughout Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, through Peninsular Malaysia, to Singapore, Sumatra (Indonesia) and throughout Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia, Sarawak[5] and Brunei). Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Body is covered with flattened spines; each grooved longitudinally and increasing in rigidity near tip; spines are interspersed with short hairs. When ready, the female will raise her rear and tail high with her chest on ground. Quills are smaller along tail and more flexible on underside. Characteristics. Atherura africana Gray, 1842, Sierra Leone. Southeastern Asia, generally south-central China (Yunnan, southern Sichuan, Guangxi), Assam, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Malay Peninsula and several small nearby islands, and Hainan. They weigh around 0.7 kg-2.4 kg. Atherurus africanus. Young begin to feed on solid food between two and three weeks, and five white stripes found on side begin to disappear at four weeks. Throughout its range, it is common and does not face significant threat. Encyclopedia.com. Large, chiselshaped lower and upper incisor teeth do not have longitudinal grooves and grow throughout life; molars are rooted and have irregular enamel folds that are rapidly worn down. of body, which is normally used for protection and defense. Ann Zootech 44, 271. Very acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, such as big cats, large predatory birds, or hyenas. Head and under parts are hairy and the fur underneath is rather woolly. They also eat carrion, insects, and large tropical seeds such as belonging to Chisocheton cumingianus. The term porcupine consists of different species of rodents that belong to the suborder Hystricomorpha, together with other well-known animals such as chinchillas, capybaras or guinea pigs.. Group includes-yealing male-yearling female-3 yr old proven female-5 yr old proven female Very rare opportunity, only available as a group. In T. A. Vaughan, Mammalogy Third Edition (pp. Eats crop plants extensively, thus leading to significant agricultural loss. Amazing Earth: Philippine Porcupine in Palawan. Photo about Philippine porcupine, Indonesian porcupine, or Palawan porcupine, Hystrix pumila, animal in the nature habitat. , Night Safari Ranger Station: Crested Porcupine (Hystricidae brachyura). English: Palawan porcupine. Sexual maturity is reached at about two years. ." Possess high-crowned teeth with plane chewing surfaces for grinding plants that are then digested in stomach. Its outer covering of spines serves as its protection and defense system. with sharp points; (3) bristle-like quills (also called tactile bristles) that are flexible toward the ends, with a round cross section and sharp points; (4) rattling cups that are hollow, capsule-like structures fastened on the end of tail by a thin stem; (5) platelet bristles that are hollow, flattened, yellowish-white at tail end, with shafts that enlarge at regular intervals; (6) brush-type bristles that are flattened, smooth bristles at tail end that look like narrow parchment strips; and (7) mane bristles that are tufts of hair on head and neck. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Facial region of skull is inflated by pneumatic cavities, and nasal bones are enlarged. van. 92-591-XWE. Also fond of fallen fruits, thistles, a variety of plants, leaves, and will sometimes gnaw on bark. Tail is covered with shorter white spines. The Philippine porcupine, Indonesian porcupine, or Palawan porcupine (Hystrix pumila) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines) endemic to the island of Palawan in the Philippines. Takes refuge in ground caves, rock crevasses, and under fallen trees; generally forests, abandoned and active plantations, and in rugged rocky areas. Both males and females loudly whine, grunt, and squeal while mating. Both front and hind legs have smooth soles. Porcupines eat vegetable crops and are destructive feeders. Yet these individuals often are very talented. Italy, Albania, Sicily, and northern Greece (European populations possibly introduced by humans) and along the Mediterranean coast of Africa to northern Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. Among these, are longer, hollow, thin-walled rattling quills that are used to alarm enemies. The Palawan Porcupine Hystrix Pumila Physical Description It has very small eyes that appear to be drowsy or blind. Unlike other species, quills cannot produce any rattling sounds when shaken. Currently downsizing on a few species and I have a 1.3 breeding group of palawan porcupines available. Body is blackish brown to grayish brown on its upper parts; individual hairs have whitish tips; underside is dirty white to light brown. Use these tips to reign them in and keep office morale high. Released March 13 2007 and Statistics Canada Catalogue no. It has a maximum width of 24 miles (39 km) and a mountainous backbone that runs its entire 270-mile (434-km) length, with Mount Mantalingajan (6,840 feet [2,085 metres]) in the south as its highest peak. Managing the office know-it-all can be a challenge, at best. It from the weather and for periodic nesting usually reach sexual maturity between eight and 18 months, females. Types up to 9,850 ft ( 1,290m ). three to five months ; species. 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