Chris Jackson of The Remnant has provided another excellent article on the reasons why the Church adopted the Latin language in her liturgy, decrees, and official communications. ’ [Matt. . Then we’ve got a false gospel. boasts of the place of his episcopate, and contends that he holds the succession from Peter, on whom the foundations of the Church were laid [Matt. The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." Frydenborg also holds a double major Bachelor of Arts in history and politics from Washington and Lee University. The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. What kind of man are you, subverting and changing what was the manifest intent of the Lord when he conferred this personally upon Peter? . Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. The Nicene Creed outlined a core theological set of beliefs, defining God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit as a Holy Trinity of God as one being, a creation as stemming from God the Father, that Jesus the Son will return for judgement and that there is one Catholic Church. Many Christians know that the Catholic church is a total fallacy as it has no right to even exist as whilst Peter later became a preacher, he was never commissioned to even do anything other than to carry out the Great Commission along with all the other members of the first church. The bBible also tells not to eat of the flesh nor drink of the blood. presented in this work are free of doctrinal or moral errors. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the … The Roman Catholic Church sees an embryonic stage of the papacy in this passage. ‘Oh you of little faith,’ he says, ‘why do you doubt?’ [Matt. Is Peter the rock on which the Church is built? See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. The history of the Catholic Church begins with the teachings of Jesus Christ, who lived in the 1st century CE in the province of Judea of the Roman Empire. “[T]he Lord said to Peter, ‘On this rock I will build my Church, I have given you the keys of the kingdom of heaven [and] whatever you shall have bound or loosed on earth will be bound or loosed in heaven’ [Matt. . The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. As for Peter, as far as I know, no one claims that he began the church in Rome. 21:14). According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, there have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter. It is that term which is then translated into Greek as petros. “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. However, he was one of the main leaders of the Christian movement after Jesus's death and tradition holds that he was the first Bishop of Rome. See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. Non-Catholic Christians and the secular world have used the Inquisitions, the Crusades, and the Galileo incident as “clubs” to bash the Church for almost 500 years. The Catholic Church was not founded by any one person or any two people. In a word, no. Then we’ve got a false gospel. 16:19]” (collected in Cyprian’s Letters74[75]:16 [A.D. 253]). He did indeed found it on the rock of Peter, but Peter and the apostles are to be always guided by, strengthened by, and accountable to … One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. . Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. Because of this alone, it is important to have an accurate understanding of the Roman Catholic Church… 3:11, Eph. . Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. St. A significant part of the initial spread and missionary work was by Paul (Jewish Pharisee). 2:20, 1 Pet. Bernadeane Carr, STL, Censor Librorum, August 10, 2004, IMPRIMATUR: In accord with 1983 CIC 827 has placed the principal charge on the blessed Peter, chief of all the apostles. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. But such critics almost invariably distort (willingly or unwittingly) the known facts in order to do so. “Likewise it is decreed . And where the Church is, no death is there, but life eternal” (Commentary on Twelve Psalms of David 40:30 [A.D. 389]). The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. 16:18–19]. If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. 16:18–19]. Among the efforts by the Church to combat this heresy was the organization of the mendicant orders, including one led by St. Dominic. Then we’ve got a false gospel. A Concise History of the Catholic Church by Thomas Bokenkotter (Doubleday, 1990) Cardinal Hume and the Changing Face of English Catholicism by Peter Stanford (Geoffrey Chapman, 1993) Top 16:19]?” (Demurrer Against the Heretics 22 [A.D. 200]). As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. 2:5–6, Rev. We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it was conferred by Christ himself. . Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 . . By this time the location of Simon Magus' remains was probably forgotten, or the papacy by then believed that the grave was indeed Peter's and that Peter was the founder of the Catholic Church. The Church considers its bishops to be the successors to Jesus's apostles and the Church's leader, the Bishop of Rome (also known as the Pope), to be the sole successor to Saint Peterwho ministered in Rome in the first century AD after his appointment by Jesus as head of t… See disclaimer. Paul's writings have become a core of the Christian New Testament and as such, they have influenced Christians for close to 2,000 years. At the head of the Twelve, Jesus placed Peter. . “It is to Peter that he says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. The Catholic church teaches that Peter was the first Pope and the earthly head of the church, but the Bible never says this once. Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" From Jesus, the Twelve received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations. As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. In fact, it was Peter himself who spoke against "being lords over God's heritage" in I Peter 5:3. That statement is fair. Well . I betimes called you Peter, because you will support all its buildings. By his own admission, he was a Pharisee. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 Indeed, the others were that also which Peter was [i.e., apostles], but a primacy is given to Peter, whereby it is made clear that there is but one Church and one chair. St. Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. the holy Roman Church has not been placed at the forefront [of the churches] by the conciliar decisions of other churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. “But what is his error . 16:18). . You are the head of the fountain from which my teaching flows; you are the chief of my disciples’” (Homilies 4:1 [A.D. 351]). Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. This belief is based on Matthew 16:18, when Jesus Christ said to Peter: The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." And it was Paul who removed the requirements, against Peter's will, that Christians observe Jewish dietary laws and practice circumcision. However, even a child can understand that "treat others as you want to be treated" could not possibly mean "take away the civil rights from law-abiding, taxpaying gay Americans" which is what the Church teaches today. that it ought to be announced that . Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. Well, the Catholic Church was started by Jesus (Jewish, though, in Christian Christology, also God) through the authority he gave to Peter (Jewish) and the apostles (all Jewish). The Catholic Church claims that Jesus conferred on Peter and his successors supreme power in faith and morals over all the other Apostles and over every Christian in the Church. Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … . Giorgio Cosulich/Getty Images News/Getty Images, The Closing of the Western Mind: The Rise of Faith and the Fall of Reason, by Charles Freeman, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: Catechism of the Catholic Church. Some have tried to argue that Jesus did not mean that his Church would be built on Peter but on something else. As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. So while the church may live on in a much different form than its early beginnings, the Spirit remains the glue between Jesus and his church. The First Pope: St. Peter (circa A.D early 60s) After 800 years of kisses, (including a peck from Queen Sofia of Spain, pictured in the photo), the big toe of this statue of St. Peter has been rubbed down to a stump. Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. 16:18). The Catholic Church claims Peter gave to it the keys of the gates of heaven and that no one will enter into YEHOVAH’s presence unless that church opens the gates. By the time Roman Emperor Constantine brought Christianity under the protection of the Roman state, Christians had been fighting over theology so often and in so destabilizing and violent a manner that Constantine sought to impose a unified theology at the Council of Nicaea by forcing the adoption of the Nicene Creed in 325, nearly 300 years after Jesus's death. “Wherefore the most holy and blessed Leo, archbishop of the great and elder Rome, through us, and through this present most holy synod, together with the thrice blessed and all-glorious Peter the apostle, who is the rock and foundation of the Catholic Church, and the foundation of the orthodox faith, has stripped him [Dioscorus] of the episcopate” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 451]). But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" one among the twelve is chosen to be their head in order to remove any occasion for division” (Against Jovinian 1:26 [A.D. 393]). The Catholic Church was not founded by any one person or any two people. Whoever has gathered elsewhere is scattering” (Letters 43[40]:5 [A.D. 253]). “You cannot deny that you are aware that in the city of Rome the episcopal chair was given first to Peter; the chair in which Peter sat, the same who was head—that is why he is also called Cephas [‘Rock’]—of all the apostles; the one chair in which unity is maintained by all” (The Schism of the Donatists 2:2 [A.D. 367]). . Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. No. “The Lord says to Peter: ‘I say to you,’ he says, ‘that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not overcome it. In the world today only one Church, the Catholic Church, with its center in Rome, fills the bill. He said: “Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it… Feed my lambs; feed My sheep” (Matt. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . “Simon Cephas answered and said, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah: flesh and blood has not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. It is not possible to set up another altar or for there to be another priesthood besides that one altar and that one priesthood. Essentially, as accepted today, it unites all Catholics in a common faith as a profession of core beliefs. Popes do not marry, although Peter did (Mat. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. Jesus clearly makes Peter a servant, leader, and unifier to all His Apostles and disciples. “Some” Christians believe that Peter is the creator of their Church and state that Peter established The Catholic Church (not “a” Catholic Church) in Antioch and that he ruled The Church from Antioch. From Peter and Paul's time onwards, those who followed the various teachings of Jesus transmitted from various sources encompassed a wide range of disparate and often incompatible beliefs, structures and leaders. The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. The very word "Cardinal" means "hinge." 21:14). One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church is an ancient religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide. It believes Jesus gave to Peter (and by implication, to all his formal successors) a foundational role in the building of his church. Some argue that in this passage there is a minor difference between the Greek term for Peter (Petros) and the term for rock (petra), yet they ignore the obvious explanation: petra, a feminine noun, has simply been modified to have a masculine ending, since one would not refer to a man (Peter) as feminine. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. And I say unto thee also, that you are Cephas, and on this rock will I build my Church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it” (The Diatesseron 23 [A.D. 170]). . . https://www.desiringgod.org/articles/where-did-the-pope-come-from The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. 14:31]” (Homilies on Exodus 5:4 [A.D. 248]). Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. His name was Paul. No. Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. 16:18], that the building of the eternal temple might rest on Peter’s solid rock, strengthening his Church so surely that neither could human rashness assail it nor the gates of hell prevail against it” (Letters 10:1 [A.D. 445]). Peter ultimately made his way to Rome, where he died as a martyr. 16:18]. These critics also neglect the fact that Jesus spoke Aramaic, and, as John 1:42 tells us, in everyday life he actually referred to Peter as Kepha or Cephas (depending on how it is transliterated). Whoever eats the Lamb outside this house is profane. Why did Christ chose Peter, an uncultured man prone to failure, as a foundation on which to build his church? © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The Cardinals of the Roman Church are the HINGES upon which the GATE -- the Pope -- is able to turn. St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. . To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. 2:20, 1 Pet. St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. Roman Catholic Church (moved to Rome by Peter after he fled Jerusalem) was founded by God-made-man, Jesus Christ. As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. The church in Rome was started rather early–probably by AD 50 and there is no evidence that Peter came to Rome before AD 63. Much of what has become Christian theology originated not with Jesus, but with Paul, through his writings. I did so myself, in my Protestant days. “Look at [Peter], the great foundation of the Church, that most solid of rocks, upon whom Christ built the Church [Matt. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. If they should wish to build what is false, you, the foundation, will condemn them. . Technically, a Jew did start the ‘catholic’ church. And so Simon Magus' remains lay hidden in the graffiti wall and the grave remained empty after 656. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. And Peter (unlike James son of Zebedee) is miraculously delivered from prison and martyrdom (Acts 12:1-18). NIHIL OBSTAT: I have concluded that the materials Where Peter is, there is the Church. Then we’ve got a false gospel. Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the overall process of the Catholic Church's foundation. . If you read the Bible you will find that the first church was referred to as Christians. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. It took many centuries for Rome to be considered the administrative and spiritual center of what would become the Catholic Church. . “[Pope] Stephen [I] . The Church Fathers, those Christians closest to the apostles in time, culture, and theological background, clearly understood that Jesus promised to build the Church on Peter, as the following passages show. At God’s behest, Peter admits the first gentiles to the Church (Acts 10-11). In Acts 10, God gave Peter a vision that helped him understand that the message of salvation was not limited to the Jews but open to anyone who believed (Acts 10:34–35, 45). 3:11, Eph. 16:18]. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. . . And what does our Lord say to him? The Albigenses denied the mystery of the Incarnation, rejected Church sacraments and condoned many secular activities considered evil by the Catholic faith. Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. “If the very order of episcopal succession is to be considered, how much more surely, truly, and safely do we number them [the bishops of Rome] from Peter himself, to whom, as to one representing the whole Church, the Lord said, ‘Upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell shall not conquer it.’ Peter was succeeded by Linus, Linus by Clement. If someone does not hold fast to this unity of Peter, can he imagine that he still holds the faith? … In this order of succession a Donatist bishop is not to be found” (Letters 53:1:2 [A.D. 412]). One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. Upon you, he says, I will build my Church; and I will give to you the keys” (Modesty 21:9–10 [A.D. 220]). Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." “There is one God and one Christ, and one Church, and one chair founded on Peter by the word of the Lord. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. The first see, therefore, is that of Peter the apostle, that of the Roman Church, which has neither stain nor blemish nor anything like it” (Decree of Damasus 3 [A.D. 382]). who does not remain on the foundation of the one Church which was founded upon the rock by Christ [Matt. . The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. . There were very few Christians in Rome until late in the Western Roman Empire's history, and it was only with collapse of Roman Imperial rule in the West and the capture of the vibrant Christian communities in North Africa, Egypt and the Middle East by barbarian tribes and later Muslims that a Catholic Church with a powerful Pope leading it was seen as the leader of Christianity in the West. “[Jesus said:] ‘Simon, my follower, I have made you the foundation of the holy Church. So the Catholic Church says the traditions are as authoritative as the Bible. He received his Master of Science in peace operations from George Mason University's School of Public Policy in 2011. : permission to publish this work is hereby granted. Jesus clearly makes Peter a servant, leader, and unifier to all His Apostles and disciples. He wished him who had been received into partnership in his undivided unity to be named what he himself was, when he said: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. 2:5–6, Rev. . 16:18, 1 Cor. The answer provided by Simon Peter set in motion the formation of the Catholic Church by Jesus. The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. In Acts 10, God gave Peter a vision that helped him understand that the message of salvation was not limited to the Jews but open to anyone who believed (Acts 10:34–35, 45). The crucial question is that of authority. In establishing the Twelve Apostles with Peter at their head, Jesus gave the Church the basic structure of its leadership. The change in the gender is purely for stylistic reasons. Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. The crucial question is that of authority. announces that he holds by succession the throne of Peter” (ibid., 74[75]:17). Thus, what Jesus actually said to Peter in Aramaic was: “You are Kepha and on this very kepha I will build my Church.”. No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. It is Jesus who is the rock. Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Though it was largely ignored initially, in 381 the Roman Emperor Theodosius made the Nicene Creed the official core of Christianity, although disputes would rage on for some time even after this development. No, he is not. 8:14; I Cor. 16:18], can be learned from this, which Christ said to Peter alone: ‘Whatever things you shall bind on earth shall be bound also in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth, they shall be loosed in heaven’ [Matt. 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