This visit led to the eventual conversion of Rastafari’s most famous adherent, singer Bob Marley. The world's faithful account for 83% of the global population; the great majority of these fall under twelve classical religions— Baha'i, Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Shinto, Sikhism, Taoism, and Zoroastrianism. Roughly 3–4% of the Japanese population identifies as being part of a Shinto sect or congregation. Among the ke… The religious experience of humans predates written history. With an emphasis on family and social harmony, Confucianism was a distinctly humanist and even secularist religious ideology. There’s a lot out there. Jainists believe the soul is an ever-changing thing, bound to the body only for a lifetime, which differs from Hindu or Buddhist ideas about the soul as part of an infinite and constant universe. And with the emergence of communism and Maoism in the 20th century, the mainstream practice of Confucianism was largely at an end. The arrival of Europeans signaled the beginning of a cultural, spiritual, and actual genocide, one that wiped out tribes wholesale through violence, disease, and religious conversion. The tenth in this line of successors, Guru Gobind Singh, named the scriptures as his successor. Subtitled: "How past lives, dreams, and Soul Travel help you find God". Indeed, its present-day scriptures and community remain somewhat insular. Buddhism is both a religion and philosophy. The Hindu Synthesis was a period of time, roughly 500 BCE to 300 CE, in which the precepts of Hinduism solidified from multiple intertwining strands of Indian spiritual and cultural tradition, emerging from a broad range of philosophies to share a unifying set of concepts. Members enjoy access to … This dichotomy between internal conflict and cultural unity remains a presence in the Islamic faith today. As with many cultural advancements and inventions, the 'cradle of civilization' Mesopotamia has been cited as the birthplace of religion. It is the world's largest religion. With roughly 14.3 million adherents, practitioners of Judaism comprise about 0.2% of the world’s population. We’ve got faith in you! (Try capturing everything about Buddhism in just 250 words!) Rastafarianism is a newer religious movement that follows in the Abrahamic tradition of monotheism, referring to the singular deity as Jah. There are several denominations within the Christian beliefs where Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodox are the three main branches. Of course, many people do! Worship, moral conduct, right belief, and participation in religious institutions are among the constituent elements of the religious … Zoroaster’s influence loomed large in his time and place. . The traditions and beliefs surrounding Buddhism can be traced to the original teachings of Gautama Buddha, a sagely thinker who is believed to have lived between the fourth and sixth centuries BCE. Combined, Christianity is the largest religion in the world, with roughly 2.4 billion adherents, or 33% of the total population. 81 entries are listed here. Islam teaches that Allah is the only God and that Muhammed is his messenger. The Bahá’í faith is essentially a spiritual ideology that teaches the value of all religions, espousing the importance of universal equality and unity. © 2020 TheBestSchools.org, a Red Ventures Company, comprise about 0.2% of the world’s population, Maasai mythology (Kenya, Tanzania, Ouebian), Kalenjin religion(Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania), Dini Ya Msambwa (Bungoma, Trans Nzoia, Kenya), Manjonjo Healers of Chitungwiza of Zimbabwe, Hausa animism (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Togo), Serer religion (Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania), West African Vodun (Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria). It was first self-applied during the Age of Enlightenment in 18th century France. Marley would help to spread the popular visibility of the faith, as well as its practices of communal gathering, musical expression, preservation of the natural world, and the use of cannabis as a spiritual sacrament. As a reflection of Japanese identity, Shinto observance is not necessarily limited to those who view themselves as religious adherents. A form of belief, rather than a specific system. Often, like the traditional African religions they emerged from, these groups shared common threads regarding reverence for the spirits, veneration of the dead, and similar creation mythologies. This pie chart is based on statistics listing peoples self-admitted adherence to one of the major world religions, or to other faiths, or to people stating that they are of no religion. (2009) Hammond Atlas of World Religions. This oppression would play a major role in the Afrocentric interpretation of the Bible favored by Rastafari. Religion, human beings’ relation to that which they regard as holy, sacred, absolute, spiritual, divine, or worthy of especial reverence. Historians observe that while Abraham almost certainly lived more than 3,000 years ago, literary liberties taken with the scriptures make it impossible to ascertain exactly when he lived. Sikhs are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of larger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. Gnosticism is dualistic and draws sharp divides between the superior spiritual world and the inferior material world, with the gaining or receiving of special, hidden knowledge (“gnosis”) allowing transcendence from one realm to another. Christians believe in the holy trinity which consists of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit—as “one God in three Divine Persons”. Some academics studying the subject have divided religions into three broad categories: world religions, a term which refers to transcultural, international religions; Learn about Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, the Bible, Wicca and more. The following list — borrowed from Wikipedia — identifies some of the best known or most prominent of these religions: The European slave trade and the practices of colonization created what is known as the African diaspora. agnosticism. They believe that religion is very orderly and highly promote equality of faith. Traditional Japanese styles of dress, dance, and ritual are also rooted in Shinto customs. With more than 1.6 billion adherents, Islam is the second largest religion in the world and the chief spiritual identity for more than 24% of the world’s population. Today, between 700,000 and one million adherents practice Rastafarianism, the majority of them concentrated in Jamaica. In fact, Zoroastrianism was soon adopted as the official state religion of the Persian Empire and remained so for nearly a thousand years. The first recorded use of the term Shinto can be traced to the sixth century CE and is essentially the connective tissue between ancient Japanese customs and modern Japanese life. They believe in a supernatural or metaphysical all-knowing and all controlling God. Hinduism in one of the most major religions of the world with 1.05 billion worshipers living in the different countries of the world. Religion and spiritual issues are fundamental to human history. Published by Hammond World Atlas Corporation, Langenscheidt Publishing Group, New York, USA. Today, there are various independent Confucian congregations, but it was only in 2015 that congregation leaders in China gathered together to form the Holy Confucian Church. It provides the best estimates for each of the religions as well as major traditions for Muslims, Christians, Hindus and Buddhists, … Though Christianity and Islam are today the dominant religious traditions in Africa, informal estimates place the number of adherents to Traditional African Religions at 100 million. This is one of the three Abrahamic religions, and it is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ. Judaism is said to have begun with the figure of Abraham, a man living in the Land of Canaan — a geographical expanse likely encompassing portions of Phoenicia, Philistia, and Israel. In looking at these major belief systems and their views of God, we find tremendous diversity: Hindus acknowledge multitudes of gods and goddesses. Here, individuals, families, and whole groups were displaced from the communities or tribes they called home on the African continent. Even within the totalitarian regime of North Korea, it has been estimated that some 16 % of the population continue to subscribe to the Muism belief system. Like their in-laws, the Druze are monotheistic, professing faith in only one God. Today, there are between 800,000 and one million Druze adherents, nearly all of them concentrated in the Middle East. The close-knit communities rooted in present day Syria, Lebanon, and Israel have long been subject to persecution, particularly at the hands of Islamic theocracies. It is considered the world’s oldest religion. Religion is a vast subject. More important than the metaphysical, Guru Nanak argued, is a life in which one enacts the will of God. Here are the 12 most popular world religions and belief systems according to FindTheBest.com. But they can be found in many international cities and have become an especially strong religious … Adherents of folk religions, Jews and members of other religions make up smaller shares of the world… Far too many forms of practice exist to be named in one place, but the faith’s three largest branches are Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism. In recent years, Muism has experienced a resurgence within South Korea. New Age Spirituality … He worked first as a shepherd and then a… This may be one reason that the Druze, while participating actively in the politics and affairs of their home nations, shield their customs and practices from the eyes of outsiders. Initially an informal collection of beliefs and mythologies, Shinto was less a religion than a distinctly Japanese form of cultural observance. Religion has been a factor of the human experience throughout history, from pre-historic to modern times. Jainism’s primary tenets are ahiṃsā (nonviolence), anekāntavāda (many-sidedness), aparigraha (nonattachment) and asceticism (abstinence from pleasure). Confucianism would engage in a historic push and pull with the philosophies of Buddhism and Taoism, experiencing ebbs and flows in influence, with high points during the Han (206 BCE to 220 CE), Tang (618–907 CE) and Song (960–1296 CE) Dynasties. They produce cultural constructs, power dynamics, and historical narratives. Though no one figure or group is credited with its founding, Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world today. To be freed from oppression in Western society (or Babylon), many Rastafari believe it necessary to resettle adherents in the African homelands. Taken together, these brief and sometimes overlapping histories offer a window into human history itself. These include Christianity, Roman Catholicism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism, although Roman Catholicism is often categorized under Christianity. Today, the Bahá’í faith has somewhere between five and seven million adherents around the world. This dichotomy would also give way to a division between the two dominant sects of Islam, Sunni and Shia. A form of belief, rather than a specific system. In the early 1930s, a movement of Rastafarians espoused that the faithful were living in an African diaspora, scattered from their homelands by colonization and slavery. What followed was centuries of persecution and suppression by Muslim conquerors, to the point of almost entirely snuffing out Zoroastrian teachings and practices in the Arabic-speaking world. To seal the covenant, Abraham became the first recipient of the ritualistic circumcision. Confucianism was a dominant form of philosophy and religious orientation in ancient China, one that emerged from the teachings of Chinese philosopher Confucius, who lived 551–479 BCE. ©2020 Vexen Crabtree all rights reserved.This site uses the HTF Disclaimer (as linked here). Modern reconstructed Druidism is part of the neo-pagan range of religions, A semi-secretive esoteric religion with features of a Mystery Religion, 1st century Jewish Christians, possibly the earliest form of Christianity to exist, The belief that we must escape from this world, which was created and is ruled by an inferior and unworthy god, and reunite with the true god, The embracing of Krishna through correct living, honesty, spiritual life and austerity, Modern uptake of Nordic religion. His 1966 visit to Jamaica would become the pivotal moment in the spread of Rastafari ideas and the resultant political movement for liberation within Jamaica. A List of All Religions and Belief Systems, "theism" is any religion that contains god(s), and "polytheism" is a form of theism, http://www.humanreligions.info/religions.html, The Phenomenon Of Religion: A Thematic Approach. They believe that God is revealing Himself in a progressive manner through various world religions. Zoroastrianism is considered one of the world’s oldest religions, and some of its earliest ideas — messianism, posthumous judgment, and the duality of heaven and hell — are believed to have informed the evolution of Judaism, as well as Gnosticism, Christianity, and Islam. Eventually they apologized, stopped using the Bible, and formed the more prosaic group called Aleph, This group are preparing to rule the world after a coming apocalypse, and embrace many practices which are now called New Age, Traditions based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, Modern reconstructions of Celtic paganism form part of the neo-pagan range of religions, A series of civilisations on Earth have arisen but destroyed themselves in nuclear war. These form the Bible, the central text of the Christian faith. Closely related is the idea of agnosticism, which doesn’t profess to know whether there is or isn’t a deity. Atheism/Agnosticism. Muism (which is also known as Sinism, Shingyo, or Korean shamanism) is a religion closely tied to traditional Korean culture and history. Included is the name of the religion, the approximate date of its origin, its main sacred or ethical texts (if any) and its estimated numerical strength (both in absolute numbers and as a percentage of the world… This belief system rejects theology as well as the constructs of organized religion. Originally published 1993 (I think). If it is today followed by an estimated 11–14 million people, its two successor faiths – Christianity (1st century CE) and Islam (7th century CE) – are the world’s most popular, with a … Truthfully, this subject defies brevity. Published by Oneworld Publications, Oxford, UK. We are not associated with any religion or organization. Christianity (General) — 2.04 Billion Followers Most of the religious Western World (North America, Europe, and Oceania) follows this monotheistic religion … For example, "theism" is any religion that contains god(s), and "polytheism" is a form of theism. Further Reading. Polling around the world has produced an extremely wide variance, with the largest rates of atheism generally seen in Europe and East Asia. As one of the earliest extant religious traditions to emerge from the spiritually fertile Indian subcontinent, Jainism both shares with and diverges from features of the Hindu and Buddhist traditions that also emerged there. This was considered the germinal moment in the emergence of the modern religious tradition. The Religions Book. Though its scriptures and traditions inform countless subsequent sects and ideologies, Buddhism is largely divided into two branches: Theravada — the goal of which is to achieve freedom from ignorance, material attachment, and anger by practicing the Noble Eightfold Path, all in pursuit of a sublime state called Nirvana; and Mahayana — the goal of which is aspire to Buddhahood by practicing the Zen principles of self-control, meditation, and expression of the insight of Buddha in your daily life, especially for the benefit of others, all to the end of achieving bodhisattva, or an ongoing cycle of rebirth by which you can continue to enlighten others. Thus, Abraham is seen not just as the first prophet of Judaism, but also of the Christian and Islamic faiths that sprung from the Judaic tradition. Many who characterize themselves as atheists argue that a lack of proof or scientific process prevents the belief in a deity. The Druze consider Jethro a “hidden” prophet, one through whom God spoke to “revealed prophet” Moses. The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, though this is not a uniform practice. Sikhism is a monotheistic faith emerging from and remaining concentrated in the Punjabi region that traverses Northern India and Eastern Pakistan. These belief systems held that emanations from a single God were responsible for the creation of the material world and that, as such, all humans carried the divine spark of God. Christianity began in Jerusalem as an outgrowth of Judaism that considered Jesus the Christ (meaning “anointed one”). A figure of central importance in the Rastafarian faith, Haile Selassie rose to the rank of Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930. The symbols of fourteen religions are shown. Highly informative resources to keep your education journey on track. Today, most of the world’s four to five million Jains reside in India. Christianity is a religion which has been around for a long time. We’ll give you the quick low down on the belief systems, theologies, scriptures, and histories of the world’s major religions. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the academic practice of comparative religion divided religious belief into philosophically defined categories called world religions. But we’re going to try anyway. Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic world religions, among the first ethnoreligious groups to move away from idolatry or paganism and toward the recognition of a single deity. The faith can trace its roots all the way back to prehistory. Murray; Robert Huber; Elizabeth Mechem; Sarah Novak; Devid West Reynolds, PhD; Tricia Wright; Thomas Cussans. Its impact on the shape of world history and on present-day world culture is incalculable. Today, there are roughly 190,000 Zoroastrians, mostly concentrated in Iran, Iraq, and India. This idea and its adherents spread rapidly through ancient Judea around the first century CE, then throughout the ancient world. The bulk of the human religious experience pre-dates written history.Written history (the age of formal writing) is only c. 5000 years old. Instead, agnosticism argues that the limits of human reasoning and understanding make the existence of god(s), the origins of the universe, and the possibility of an afterlife all unknowable. Its founding figure, Zoroaster, was an innovative religious thinker and teacher who is believed to have lived between 700 BCE and 500 BCE in Persia (modern-day Iran). Other important concepts include karma, which asserts a universal relationship between action, intent, and consequences; samsara, the Hindu concept of rebirth; and a wide range of Yogic practices merging the body, mind, and elements. The Buddha’s teachings proliferated widely through much of Asia in the centuries that followed. 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