Why is the World the way it is today? Many scholars explicitly mention the reliability of Herodotus's work (such as on the Nile Valley) and demonstrate corroboration of Herodotus' writings by modern scholars. Answer: Tertullian is known in church history as the father of Latin theology, as he was the first church leader to write his works in Latin. Shymala filed for divorce from Donald in 1971, when Kamala was seven years old. He also passes on reports from Phoenician sailors that, while circumnavigating Africa, they "saw the sun on the right side while sailing westwards", although, being unaware of the existence of the southern hemisphere, he says that he does not believe the claim. Herodotus BirthplaceHalicarnassus, Caria, Asia Minor Occupation Historian Herodotus (hērŏd`ətəs), 484?–425? Majumdar, R.C. Still, certain points may be approximately fixed ... Modern accounts of his life typically[27][28] go something like this: Herodotus was born at Halicarnassus around 485 BC. and Dewald, Carolyn (ed.). (1981). In response, Dalley has proposed that the Hanging Gardens may have been in Nineveh rather than in Babylon. His father, Execestides, was the one who took care of his son’s education and made sure to teach Solon to treasure his life experiences, social values, and human relationships more than anything else. Intimate knowledge of some events in the first years of the Peloponnesian War (VI, 91; VII, 133, 233; IX, 73) indicate that he might have returned to Athens, in which case it is possible that he died there during an outbreak of the plague. [48] In spite of these lines of criticism, Herodotus' works were in general kept in high esteem and regarded as reliable by many. Herodotus (/hɪˈrɒdətəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος, Hēródotos, Attic Greek pronunciation: [hɛː.ró.do.tos]; c. 484 – c. 425 BC) was an ancient Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey). [98], John Gould argues that Herodotus should be understood as falling in a long line of story-tellers, rather than thinking of his means of explanation as a "philosophy of history" or "simple causality." Maybe this is the reason why Solon, even though he had everything necessary, never gained great wealth and property, and when he lost his small fortune, he lef… [50] For Fehling, the sources of many stories, as reported by Herodotus, do not appear credible in themselves. He was later known as the "Father of Oregon" for his role in assisting the American cause in the Oregon Country. "The Histories, Herodotus." Moreover, since 1789, the French National Assembly has appointed a “father” to preside over the opening of a new session. It was the will of the gods that the house collapsed while a particular individual was within it, whereas it was the cause of man that the house had a weak structure and was prone to falling. The significance of his role is not to be underestimated, however. His work is the earliest Greek prose to have survived intact. From 1936 to 1938, Konrad Zuse created the Z1 in his parent's living room. There is no reason to disbelieve the Suda's information about his family: that it was influential and that he was the son of Lyxes and Dryo, and the brother of Theodorus, and that he was also related to Panyassis – an epic poet of the time. Then, a man called Herodotus witnessed the Persian invasions of Greece and decided to find out why they happened. [35], It was conventional in Herodotus's day for authors to "publish" their works by reciting them at popular festivals. He is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. [13], Homer was another inspirational source. However, we consider Konrad Zuse as the father of the computer with the advent of the Z1, Z2, Z3, and Z4. As a result, his reports about Greek events are often coloured by Athenian bias against rival states – Thebes and Corinth in particular. [83], It is clear from the beginning of Book 1 of the Histories that Herodotus utilizes (or at least claims to utilize) various sources in his narrative. According to Lucian, Herodotus took his finished work straight from Anatolia to the Olympic Games and read the entire Histories to the assembled spectators in one sitting, receiving rapturous applause at the end of it. Calcutta: Firma KLM. [101] While the gods never make personal appearances in his account of human events, Herodotus states emphatically that "many things prove to me that the gods take part in the affairs of man" (IX, 100). Research suggests that Herodotus probably did not know any Persian (or any other language except his native Greek) and was forced to rely on many local translators when travelling in the vast multilingual Persian Empire. "[16][17] Even his own contemporaries found reason to scoff at his achievement. In 425 BC, which is about the time that Herodotus is thought by many scholars to have died, the Athenian comic dramatist Aristophanes created The Acharnians, in which he blames the Peloponnesian War on the abduction of some prostitutes – a mocking reference to Herodotus, who reported the Persians' account of their wars with Greece, beginning with the rapes of the mythical heroines Io, Europa, Medea, and Helen. About 2500 years ago, the writing of history as we understand it didn’t really exist. Many scholars, ancient and modern (such as Strabo, A. H. L. Heeren, etc. Despite Herodotus's historical significance, little is known about his personal life. [51], Like many ancient historians, Herodotus preferred an element of show[c] to purely analytic history, aiming to give pleasure with "exciting events, great dramas, bizarre exotica. Strassler, Robert B., (ed. [44][45] The Alexandrian grammarian Harpocration wrote a whole book on "the lies of Herodotus". ), routinely cited Herodotus. As James Romm has written, Herodotus worked under a common ancient Greek cultural assumption that the way events are remembered and retold (e.g. but rather "why did this happen to me?" In Herodotus's case, "Why did the Greeks and barbarians go to war with each other? The Suda also informs us that Herodotus later returned home to lead the revolt that eventually overthrew the tyrant. Du Bois, Pierre Montet, Martin Bernal, Basil Davidson, Derek A. Welsby, Henry T. Aubin). "[53] As such, certain passages have been the subject of controversy[54][55] and even some doubt, both in antiquity and today. The data are so few – they rest upon such late and slight authority; they are so improbable or so contradictory, that to compile them into a biography is like building a house of cards, which the first breath of criticism will blow to the ground. [46] Lucian of Samosata went as far as to deny the "father of history" a place among the famous on the Island of the Blessed in his Verae Historiae. [42] Cicero (On the Laws I.5) said that his works were full of legends or "fables". The debt may have been repaid by Sophocles because there appear to be echoes of The Histories in his plays, especially a passage in Antigone that resembles Herodotus's account of the death of Intaphernes (Histories 3.119 ~ Antigone 904–920). Possibly he died in Macedonia instead, after obtaining the patronage of the court there; or else he died back in Thurium. However, he retains idealizing tendencies, as in his symmetrical notions of the Danube and Nile. Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. https://www.thegreatcourses.com/courses/herodotus-the-father-of-history.html Why do we study History. Herodotus is known as the father of history because he was the first historian to collect and systematically document events and create an account. Gould argues to the contrary that this is likely because Herodotus attempts to provide the rational reasons, as understood by his contemporaries, rather than providing more abstract reasons. While Herodotus is certainly concerned with giving accurate accounts of events, this does not preclude for him the insertion of powerful mythological elements into his narrative, elements which will aid him in expressing the truth of matters under his study. Herodotus has been criticized for the fact that his book includes many obvious legends and fanciful accounts. Major Charles L. Kelly, the third commander of the 57th in Vietnam, is universally acknowledged as the father of Dustoff and foremost exponent of aeromedical evacuation. He lays this out in the preamble: "This is the publication of the research of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, so that the actions of people shall not fade with time, so that the great and admirable achievements of both Greeks and barbarians shall not go unrenowned, and, among other things, to set forth the reasons why they waged war on each other."[90]. Besides the paternal bonds of a father to his children, the father may have a parental, legal, and social relationship with the child that carries with it certain rights and obligations. [68], Cheikh Anta Diop provides several examples (like the inundations of the Nile) which, he argues, support his view that Herodotus was "quite scrupulous, objective, scientific for his time." He is widely considered to have been the first writer to have treated historical subjects using a method of systematic investigation—specifically, by collecting his materials and then critically arranging them into an historiographic narrative. Thus to understand what Herodotus is doing in the Histories, we must not impose strict demarcations between the man as mythologist and the man as historian, or between the work as myth and the work as history. "[86] Again, later, Herodotus claims himself as an authority: "I know this is how it happened because I heard it from the Delphians myself. The "Wars of Liberation" had given to Herodotus the first genuinely historical inspiration felt by a Greek. For years, most of us hang this laurel on the shoulders of Dr. Patrick Carnes. Of these, only fragments of Hecataeus's works survived, and the authenticity of these is debatable,[4] but they provide a glimpse into the kind of tradition within which Herodotus wrote his own Histories. 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